Michigan Manual For the Prevention and Control of Bed Bugs

Bed Bug Prevention

Bed Bugs have again become a true scourge in our country.  This manual goes through the many aspects of bed bugs and how to deal with them.

This document does not have copyright markings.  Even so, we will do our best to stay as true to the original content as possible as we bring it online as a resource for pest control companies and the browsing public.  We give all origination credit to those who worked so hard to assemble this document.  The original work can be found here: https://www.michigan.gov/documents/emergingdiseases/Bed_Bug_Manual_v1_full_reduce_326605_7.pdf.

EDITOR NOTE: This will be a work in progress for several weeks!  If links in the Table of Contents seem unfinished, please come back soon!

Here is the text of the first three pages:


Produced by the Michigan Department of Community Health and the Michigan Bed Bug Working Group


We would like to acknowledge all of the members the Michigan Bed Bug Working Group and their respective agencies whose insights, expertise, and persistence have led to the development of this manual:

Denise Chrysler, Erik Foster, Rebecca Reik, Abby Schwartz, Kim Signs, and Mary Grace Stobierski, Michigan Department of Community Health

Don Edmunds, Wayne County Health Department
Patty Lawless, Michigan Department of Education
Don Hamel and Howard Krieger, Detroit Department of Health and Wellness Promotion
Janet Irrer, Peggy Pertner, and Jillian Thelen, Michigan State Housing Development Authority
Mike Kaufman, Michigan State University Extension
Steven Leggat, City of Detroit Buildings and Safety Engineering
Colleen Nelson, Michigan Department of Human Services
Gary Offenbacher, Property Management Association of Michigan
Mel Poplar, Brian Rowe, and Mike Szynski, Michigan Department of Agriculture
Mark Sheperdigian and Bill Welsh, Michigan Pest Management Association
Dean Sienko, Ingham County Health Department
Dave Vincent, Michigan Association of Housing Officials
Steve Yencich, Michigan Lodging and Tourism Association

We’d also like to thank several organizations and individuals that have influenced our current work, and provided use of materials for this manual:

The Cincinnati/Hamilton County Joint Bed Bug Task Force
Woodgreen Community Services, Toronto, Canada
Jody Gangloff-Kaufmann, New York State IPM Program, Cornell University
Stephen L. Doggett, Department of Medical Entomology, Westmead Hospital, Australia
The National Center for Healthy Housing

For comments or concerns about the content of this manual, please contact the Michigan Department of Community Health Communicable Disease Division at (517) 335-8165

Front cover image courtesy of Graham Snodgrass, US Army Public Health Command Back cover images courtesy of Mark Sheperdigian, Rose Pest Solutions



Getting to Know Bed Bugs

Natural History

Health Concerns Associated With Bed Bugs

What Activities Put Me At Risk of Encountering Bed Bugs?
How Do You Know If Bed Bugs Are Biting?
Can Bed Bugs Make You Sick?
What Are Some Other Possible Health Effects from Bed Bugs?
Is There An Effective Treatment for Bed Bug Bites?
What Are Some Other Causes for Red, Itchy Swellings of the Skin?
Other Biting Arthropods
Responsible and Safe Use of Pesticides for Bed Bugs

Laws and Regulations

Regulatory Authority of Health Officers
Regulatory Authority for Housing
Protections for Consumers
Authority of the Michigan Department of Agriculture to Regulate Pesticides

Bed Bug Treatment Guidelines
The Integrated Pest Management Philosophy
IPM for Bed Bugs
Educating Residents and Staff
Reporting and Recordkeeping
Isolating the Bed
Pre-Treatment Preparations
Non-Chemical Treatments to Eliminate Bed Bugs
Use of Pesticides
Post-Treatment Evaluation
Summary of Bed Bug Treatment Methods

Preventing a Bed Bug Infestation in Multi-Unit Housing and Group Living Environments
Furniture and Room Guidelines
Donations of clothing and household items
Policy Statements for Shelters and Group Housing

Multi-Unit Housing
Hospitality Industry
Shelters and Transitional Living
Long Term, Nursing, and Assisted Living Facilities
Schools and Child Care Centers

A – Matrix of Michigan Laws and Regulations
B – Sample Treatment Agreement
C – Pre-Treatment Preparation Checklist
D – Sample Bed Bug Complaint Documentation Form for Hotels
E – Bed Bugs: What Schools Need to Know
F – Sample Parent Notification Letter for Schools and Child Care Centers
G – Sample “Parent Bed Bug Inspection Report” for Schools
H – Recordkeeping Requirements for Licensed Pest Management Firms and Certified Commercial Pesticide Applicators in Michigan
I – Agency and Public Roles for Successful Bed Bug Management
J – Bed Bug Identification Guide
K – How to Move and Leave Bed Bugs Behind
L – Sample Resident Letter for Dormitories



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